Where did cartoon animations start? Records dating back to the introduction of the zoetrope date back to 1834. A zoetrope is a cylinder object that has vertical slits going all the way around it. When spun, looking through the slits create an effect making the pictures in the inside seem like they are moving. For example, a horse running or a person walking.
For Pixar’s Toy Story, a large zoetrope is used to animate the pictures. Three-D models are created and placed inside a carousel like enclosure. When spun, strobing lights create an effect to make the models appear to be moving.
In the early 1900’s, Gertie the Dinosaur was created by Winsor McCay an animator. It took about 10,000 frames to create and is said to be the first successful cartoon animation. the came Walt Disney in 1928, who introduced Steamboat Willie which included the first Mickey Mouse. It was the first cartoon that contained audio.
The Warner Brothers created Looney Tunes, which had cartoons with better quality and longer feature lengths. Japanese artists simultaneously released anime, which had intricate and detailed animation work and were even made to longer length feature films.
Characters were integrated into the computer for arcade games. What started as Pac Mac has eventually evolved into high-end graphics for game use all the way to life-like graphics utilizing cut-scenes which are like movies.
Animation has become a daily part of most of our lives. It’s used for games, entertainment, and movies as well as education and training.